Gum Disease – Need-to-Know Basics for Patients
If your dentist tells you that you’ve developed periodontal disease, will you know what to expect? Gum disease is common for people from all backgrounds and areas of the world. In its mildest form, called gingivitis, it produces redness, inflammation, and bleeding gums. If treated at this stage, it may be reversible. If you don’t get treatment and it progresses to periodontitis, resolving the problem becomes more complicated. That’s why seeing your dentist when you develop symptoms is important. You can start your recovery by learning what causes periodontal disease to develop.
Causes of Gum Disease
Gum disease starts when a sticky, bacteria-laden film called plaque builds up on your teeth. If you don’t brush and floss properly, plaque bacteria cause inflammation and redness known as gingivitis. At this stage, the damage is often reversible. If left untreated, it will eventually progress to periodontal disease, called periodontitis. In reaction to the toxins produced by bacteria and the immune system’s attempt to battle the infection, gums will pull away from teeth and pockets will form at the gum line. This advanced form of gum disease involves the connective tissues and bones that hold your teeth in place.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
- Persistent bad breath
- Swollen, sore, or red gums
- Gums that bleed easily
- Loose teeth
- Tooth sensitivity
- Gums receding or teeth that appear longer
Risk Factors for Gum Disease
Anyone can develop unhealthy gums, but the following may increase your risk:
- Diabetes, AIDS, cancer, or immune diseases
- Family history of gum problems
- Medications that reduce saliva flow
- Hormonal changes
Treatment for Periodontal Disease
Depending on the severity of gum disease, one or more of the following professional treatments may be required:
- Professional scaling and root planing
- Oral antibiotics or gels
- Antimicrobial mouth rinses
- Gum surgery
- Smoking cessation
Stop Gum Disease
With a strict dental care routine, you can keep your gums healthy. Brush twice a day, floss daily, and visit your dentist in Detroit for routine check-ups and professional dental cleanings.
To learn about our family dentistry practice in Detroit, call Gentle Dental at Grand River Avenue today at (313) 651-7260 or make an appointment.
Gentle Dental offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Detroit. With 8 affiliated practices throughout Michigan, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Gentle Dental at Grand River Avenue, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Gentle Dental at Grand River Avenue.